Economic Calendar

Time
Currency
Country
Impact
Events
Period
Actual
Forecast
Previous
04:30
GBP
United Kingdom
Public Sector Net Borrowing
December
 
-
8.12 B GBP
05:00
EUR
Germany
ZEW Economic Sentiment
January
 
18.0
17.4
05:00
EUR
Germany
ZEW Current Situation
January
 
88.5
89.3
05:00
EUR
Eurozone
ZEW Economic Sentiment
January
 
-
29.0
06:00
GBP
United Kingdom
CBI Industrial Orders
April
 
-
17
10:00
EUR
Eurozone
Consumer Confidence - preliminary
January
 
-
0.5
18:30
AUD
Australia
MI Leading Index
January
 
-
0.1%
18:50
JPY
Japan
Trade Balance
December
 
0.443 T JPY
0.113 T JPY
18:50
JPY
Japan
Trade Balance SA
December
 
0.261 T JPY
0.364 T JPY
19:30
JPY
Japan
Manufacturing PMI
January
 
53.8
54.0
21:00
NZD
New Zealand
Credit Card Spending y/y
January
 
-
9.1%
04:30
Public Sector Net Borrowing
United KingdomGBP
Period
December
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
8.12 B GBP
Public Sector Net Borrowing (PSNB). It measures the difference in value between spending and income for public corporations, the central government, and local governments during the previous month. If Net Borrowing is negative, it means the UK is running a budget surplus.
05:00
ZEW Economic Sentiment
GermanyEUR
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
18.0
Previous
17.4
The ZEW (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) Indicator of Economic Sentiment is ascertained monthly. Up to 350 financial experts take part in the survey. The indicator reflects the difference between the share of analysts that are optimistic and the share of analysts that are pessimistic for the expected economic development in Germany in six months. Example: If 30 per cent of participants expect the German economic situation to improve within the next six months, 30 per cent expect no change and 40 per cent expect the economic situation to deteriorate, the ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment would take a value of -10. Thus, a positive number means that the share of optimists outweighs the share of pessimists and vice versa.
05:00
ZEW Current Situation
GermanyEUR
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
88.5
Previous
89.3
The ZEW (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) Current Situation Indicator focuses on the results of the survey that relate to the current health of the German economy. Up to 350 financial experts take part in the survey. They opinion on whether the current situation is improved, worsened, or unchanged are summarized as the number of positive responses minus the number of negative responses. A higher headline figure indicates a stronger economy and better business climate.
05:00
ZEW Economic Sentiment
EurozoneEUR
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
29.0
The ZEW (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) Indicator of Economic Sentiment is ascertained monthly. Up to 350 financial experts take part in the survey. The indicator reflects the difference between the share of analysts that are optimistic and the share of analysts that are pessimistic for the expected economic development in Eurozone in six months. Example: If 30 per cent of participants expect the economic situation of the Eurozone to improve within the next six months, 30 per cent expect no change and 40 per cent expect the economic situation to deteriorate, the ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment would take a value of -10. Thus, a positive number means that the share of optimists outweighs the share of pessimists and vice versa.
06:00
CBI Industrial Orders
United KingdomGBP
Period
April
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
17
CBI (The Confederation of British Industry) Industrial Orders survey provides an extra level of detailed analysis focusing on key industrial sectors of UK manufacturing, complemented by quarterly sector forecasts as well. It is regularly used by policy makers at the Treasury and the Bank of England, the business community, academics and top analysts in financial markets. It is the longest-running private sector indicator of UK manufacturing trends. The survey gives expert qualitative opinion from senior manufacturing executives, on past and expected trends in output, exports, prices, costs; investment intentions, business confidence and capacity utilization.
10:00
Consumer Confidence - preliminary
EurozoneEUR
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
0.5
It is one of the components of the Economic Sentiment Indicator. The Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) is a composite indicator made up of five sectoral confidence indicators with different weights: Industrial confidence indicator, Services confidence indicator, Consumer confidence indicator, Construction confidence indicator Retail trade confidence indicator. Confidence indicators are arithmetic means of seasonally adjusted balances of answers to a selection of questions closely related to the reference variable they are supposed to track (e.g. industrial production for the industrial confidence indicator). Surveys are defined within the Joint Harmonized EU Program of Business and Consumer Surveys. European Commission provides preliminary data two weeks before the final report.
18:30
MI Leading Index
AustraliaAUD
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
0.1%
A composite index used to forecast short to mid-term growth in the Australian economy. Combined reading of 9 economic indicators related to consumer confidence, housing, stock prices, money supply, and interest rate spreads. The index is calculated as a percent change from the previous month.
18:50
Trade Balance
JapanJPY
Period
December
Actual
 
Forecast
0.443 T JPY
Previous
0.113 T JPY
The 'trade balance' covers international transactions of 'goods' (exports and imports), which are recorded at market value on a free on board (FOB) basis. The trade balance comprises the five categories of general merchandise, goods for processing, repairs on goods, goods procured in ports by carriers, and non-monetary gold. However, transactions of non-monetary gold pertaining to investment in gold and gold savings accounts are excluded. The 'general merchandise' covers transactions of movable goods with changes of ownership between residents and non-residents The 'goods for processing' cover processing materials exported (imported) for processing, and products that are re-imported (re-exported) after processing, which are recorded on a gross basis. The 'repairs on goods' cover the amount of repair for movable goods, such as ships and aircraft, owned by residents (non-residents). The 'goods procured in ports by carriers' cover transactions involving fuels, food stuff, and other goods procured in Japan (abroad) by carriers (ships, aircraft) owned by non-residents (residents). The 'non-monetary gold' covers all transactions in gold, excluding gold held by monetary authorities as a reserve asset (monetary gold) and investment in gold and gold savings accounts.
18:50
Trade Balance SA
JapanJPY
Period
December
Actual
 
Forecast
0.261 T JPY
Previous
0.364 T JPY
For short term indicators, the cycles that are relevant for the economic trends and which by definition have periodicities longer than one year, are generally affected by considerable short-term fluctuations (trend, economic fluctuations, seasonal fluctuations, calendar fluctuations, residual or irregular fluctuations). As a consequence, analysing the current business-cycle phase is quite difficult. To improve the accuracy of the economic trend analyses, it is common to apply mathematical filtering techniques to remove such fluctuations from the time series.
19:30
Manufacturing PMI
JapanJPY
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
53.8
Previous
54.0
The Nomura/JMMA Japan Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is compiled by Markit Economics in association with Nomura (www.nomura.co.jp) and JMMA - Japan Materials Management Association ( www.jmma.gr.jp). Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) is based on monthly questionnaire surveys of carefully selected companies which provide an advance indication of what is really happening in the private sector economy by tracking changes in variables such as output, new orders, stock levels, employment and prices across the manufacturing sector. The index is presented as an index with a value between 1-100. Values above 50 indicate that the economic outlook is positive. Alternately, readings below 50 mean future outlook is less favourable.
21:00
Credit Card Spending y/y
New ZealandNZD
Period
January
Actual
 
Forecast
-
Previous
9.1%
Data is sourced from the Credit Card Survey. The survey covers credit cards issued by six registered banks (ANZ, ASB, BNZ, Kiwibank, TSB, and Westpac), American Express, Diners Club, GE Money and the Warehouse. It represents credit card spending in New Zealand and overseas, as well as spending in New Zealand by cards issued overseas.

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